In surprise result, on 23 June the British electorate voted to leave the European Union (EU). This decision, dubbed ‘Brexit’, triggered a political crisis in the UK (the prime minister, David Cameron, resigned and was replaced by Theresa May) and significant turbulence on global financial markets (in the immediate aftermath the British pound dropped 10% and global stock markets dipped, albeit later recovering). Initial assessments are that Brexit will have a relatively limited impact on Latin America. In this edition we look at two alternative ‘post-Brexit’ scenarios. In one of these, there could yet be a significant downside for the region.