June 2021

Latin America is the most biodiverse region on the planet, but biodiversity has been slashed in recent decades and continues to be lost. This paper looks at what human action is being taken to protect natural habitats and safeguard ecosystems, alongside exploring areas where action is urgently needed. Biodiversity is addressed in two United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): #14 Life Below Water and #15 Life on Land. The first aims to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources,” acknowledging the fact that “our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea,” according to the UN. The second aims to “protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss”.

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